This is the question pondering through generations, but we’re not even a single step closure to the revelation. Many great philosophers accorded with the idea of soul but profoundly failed to give an explicit explanation for it. But the idea of the soul seems to be fascinating to many sublime thinkers, in fact almost every religion in this earth completely agree with the existence of the soul.
But why is that? There is not even an single proof to aid this belief but still from the inception of the culture the idea of soul existed and this idea is planted even more strongly to the next generations, finally soul has become an undefined and unproved truth which everybody savors and agrees from the bottom of their heart. The concept of soul leads to many more imaginative entities like heaven, hell and reincarnation etc and those leads to many other but it is clear that soul is the center for all the pious beliefs. Why is all this surrounded on a single belief which is never even proved nor defined? there are several reasons for that, to understand them we have to apprehend completely what actually soul is or should i say what majority believe what the nature of soul is. The soul is more like a driver of a car, consider the car as our body and the driver as invisible.
Does the car need the driver that badly? the answer is yes, like the car our physical body is a complicated machine more sophisticated than any other in the known world, but nonetheless it is a machine. If we program a machine then it will follow those instructions flawlessly, it will never think twice why it is doing that, in fact it will never think at all, it will be deprived of all the glorious treasures of the men like conscience, imagination, empathy, stupidity, creativity everything, but if we are just the physical body made of earthly elements like oxygen, carbon, hydrogen etc then those shouldn’t exist in the first place. May be this is the main reason which drives everyone towards the concept of soul, or may be the digesting the fact that death as the END for everything is too hard. Creating a name for something we don’t completely contemplated is not so absurd because that is the very thing that science has been doing lately, which is creating a fancy scientific name for anything that is cannot be explained by it, but science is too obscure to truths and adamantly arrogant to accept its own faults, but whatever it is one thing is for sure that “naming” things was not equal to explaining them.
We can understand this concept more explicitly with the help of the words of great monk and philosopher Swami Vivekananda
“Here I stand and if I shut my eyes, and try to conceive my existence, “I”, “I”, “I”, what is the idea before me? The idea of a body. Am I, then, nothing but a combination of material substances? The Vedas declare, “No”. I am a spirit living in a body. I am not the body. The body will die, but I shall not die. Here am I in this body; it will fall, but I shall go on living. I had also a past. The soul was not created, for creation means a combination which means a certain future dissolution. If then the soul was created, it must die.”
“Are not all the tendencies of the mind and the body accounted for by inherited aptitude? Here are two parallel lines of existence — one of the mind, the other of matter. If matter and its transformations answer for all that we have, there is no necessity for supposing the existence of a soul. But it cannot be proved that thought has been evolved out of matter, and if a philosophical monism is inevitable, spiritual monism is certainly logical and no less desirable than a materialistic monism; but neither of these is necessary here.
We cannot deny that bodies acquire certain tendencies from heredity, but those tendencies only mean the physical configuration, through which a peculiar mind alone can act in a peculiar way. There are other tendencies peculiar to a soul caused by its past actions. And a soul with a certain tendency would by the laws of affinity take birth in a body which is the fittest instrument for the display of that tendency. This is in accord with science, for science wants to explain everything by habit, and habit is got through repetitions. So repetitions are necessary to explain the natural habits of a new-born soul. And since they were not obtained in this present life, they must have come down from past lives.” – Swami Vivekananda
The words delivered by the Vivekananda at Chicago showed us a different approach and acted as a strong prop for the existence of soul. Even present day sophisticated scientific approaches can’t even answer the questions posed above.
What cannot be proved can neither be false not true, but what millions of believed and believing can not be absolutely false there should be some flake of truth in those belief’s, assuming that those believers are not completely maniacs.